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Internet of Things (IoT)


The Internet of Things (IoT) refers to the networking of physical devices, vehicles, household appliances, and other objects with embedded sensors, software, and other technologies with the aim of exchanging data and enabling communication over the Internet. These devices collect and transfer data, which can then be used to monitor, analyze, and optimize various processes.


The idea of IoT was born with the progress of wireless communication and microelectronics. The actual use and concept of IoT became popular in the early 2000s, when it became technically possible to produce small and cost-effective sensors and network them over a wide area. This enabled a new level of digital intelligence in everyday objects and industrial machines.

Areas of application

IoT is used in a wide range of industries, including manufacturing, agriculture, healthcare, and transportation. In industry, IoT enables, among other things, the optimization of operational processes, preventive maintenance and automated control processes.


Key benefits of IoT include improved efficiency through automation and better data analysis, reduced operating expenses through preventive maintenance, and the ability to respond to real-time data, which improves decision-making.


IoT challenges include security concerns, as connected devices can be vulnerable to hacking attacks. Other challenges include data protection and the scalability of IoT systems, which are becoming more complex as the network grows.


A specific example of the application of IoT in industry is its use in a B2B retailer portal, where sensors in warehouses automatically monitor inventory and trigger automatic orders when inventory is low. This enables efficient inventory management and minimizes supply bottlenecks.


The Internet of Things is revolutionizing the way industries control and monitor their processes. By intelligently connecting devices and machines, IoT enables more efficient, cost-effective and data-driven operational management.