Automation refers to technology in which processes and procedures are designed using technological means and systems in such a way that they function without or with minimal human intervention. The aim is to increase efficiency, reduce errors and reduce operational expenses.


The term comes from the Latin “automatus,” which means something like “moving yourself.” Automation has its roots in the industrial revolution, when mechanical systems were developed to replace manual work. With progress in computer technology and robotics, automation has established itself in almost all branches of industry.

Areas of application

Automation is widely used in manufacturing, where it is used to control production lines. In transportation when controlling vehicles and traffic systems. In logistics to optimize warehouse and shipping processes and in information technology by automating data processing.


The main benefits of automation include increasing production efficiency, reducing operating expenses, and minimizing human error. It also enables higher product quality and improved working conditions by taking on dangerous or monotonous tasks.


One challenge of automation is the initial investment in technology and training, which can be a barrier for smaller companies. It also requires continuous maintenance and updates. Solutions include government funding, technology transfers and the implementation of phased plans for smaller companies.


In the automotive industry, welding and painting work is often automated to ensure consistently high quality. In the pharmaceutical industry, companies automate packaging and labeling processes to ensure compliance with regulatory requirements.


Automation is a key factor for modern industries to remain competitive, increase production efficiency and reduce costs. Despite the challenges, it offers significant benefits for companies that are willing to invest in this technology.