E-commerce is the purchase and sale of goods and services over the Internet. Business transactions are processed digitally without the need for physical contact between buyer and seller.


The term was created in the 1990s with the advent of the Internet as a global medium of trade. The development of e-commerce was accelerated by the improvement of Internet technology and the increasing spread of Internet access.

Areas of application

E-commerce takes place in various formats, including B2C (business-to-consumer), B2B (business-to-business), C2C (consumer-to-consumer) and C2B (consumer-to-business). Industrial companies often use B2B e-commerce platforms to buy raw materials or sell their products to other companies.


For industrial companies, e-commerce offers an efficient way to expand their reach and open up new markets. The digital nature of e-commerce makes it possible to automate business processes and reduce costs. It also offers customers flexibility when purchasing and access to a wider range of products.


One challenge in e-commerce is building a secure and user-friendly online shop. E-commerce also requires investments in digital marketing strategies to reach potential customers. Protecting customer data is another major challenge.


An example of the use of e-commerce in industrial companies is the use of a digital spare parts catalog, which enables customers to search for and order spare parts online. This simplifies the ordering process and improves customer satisfaction.


E-commerce is a key technology for industrial companies to remain competitive in the digital age. By using the Internet for business transactions, companies can expand their market presence, reduce costs and increase customer service improve.